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Understanding Multiple Myeloma

Multiple myeloma results from the accumulation of cancer cells in the bone marrow. In turn the production of healthy blood cells is compromised, affecting the body’s ability to fight infections. The Mayo Clinic defines multiple myeloma as a cancer that forms in plasma cells – a type or white blood cell. The American Cancer Society estimates 26,850 new cases of multiple myeloma in 2015, with an average of 11,240 related deaths.

The Mayo Clinic comments further on multiple myeloma noting:

The myeloma cells continue trying to produce antibodies, as healthy plasma cells do, but the myeloma cells produce abnormal antibodies that the body can't use. Instead, the abnormal antibodies (monoclonal proteins, or M proteins) build up in the body and cause problems, such as damage to the kidneys.

Here are Some Signs and Symptoms to Monitor for:

1. Bone pain

2. Loss of appetite

3. Constipation

4. Fatigue

5. Weight loss

6. Weakened immune system

7. Dizziness

8. Anemia

To learn more on signs and symptoms of multiple myeloma, please visit WebMD.

If your doctor suspects multiple myeloma he or she may order the following exams: Bone X-ray, blood work, CT scan, MRI, and/or PET scan. Although there is no present cure for multiple myeloma, there are different treatment options like chemotherapy, steroid medications, radiation, and stem cell transplantation. Other treatment modalities may be ordered for elevated blood calcium levels, anemia, and kidney problems. WebMD also recommends keeping a healthy diet, exercising, resting, and seeking help from support groups. 

* All information shared in this article should be discussed with your healthcare provider prior to incorporating any suggestions. This article is for informational purposes only, and is not intended to provide advice or direct client decisions.

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Yeneilyn is a Registered Nurse in the state of Florida since 2006. Her nursing practice began in the field of Cardiology at Mount Sinai Medical Hospital and expanded to care for clients in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). She was provided the opportunity as LPN Instructor, which changed the course of her nursing career. She states, “Teaching nursing students expanded my view on positive influences nurses contribute beyond beside care. Nurses are central leaders in health education, client advocacy, and disease prevention.” Currently, Yeneilyn writes health articles and prepares Continuing Education (C.E.) courses for healthcare professionals. She continues her studies in the field of Nursing Education and evidenced-based nursing practice. In her free time she enjoys sharing time with family and friends.

For questions or topics of interest contact Nurse Yenny at:    




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